[免费下载]非谓语动词有3种形式

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动词的现在分词便是正在进行的动作 动词的过去分词便是已经完成的动作 或表示被做 动词的不定式则表示将要完成的动作

非谓语动词有3种形式:不定式、动名词和分词

(一)不定式 具有名词、形容词和副词的性质。

简单点讲,今天上课我刚讲过,我是这样讲的,各记俩个词: 不定式to do:将来 被动(不定式主动代替被动,表示即将要做的事) eg.With the work to do,I don't know if I have the time to have a picnic tomorrow. 现在分词doing:正在 主动(表

动词不定式由“to + 动词原形”构成,其否定形式是“not to do ”,不定式可以带宾语或状语构成不定式短语,没有人称和数的变化,但有时态和语态的变化。不定式可做主语、宾语、状语、标语和定语,但不能单独做谓语。不定式的逻辑主语有时用“for/of +名词或代词宾格”构成。

主要有四种,即:不定式,动名词,现在分词 和 过去分词。

主动 被动 一般式 to do to be done 进行式 to be doing 完成式 to have done to have been done

顾名思义,非谓语动词,除了不能当谓语,可以承担句子的其他成分。 非谓语动词,常见3种形式:不定式、分词、动名词,你的问题涉及的形式是动名词,而且是动名词中的完成式; 完成式动名词的非谓语动词: 1、可以当宾语:You remembered having

一 作主语。不定式做主语时,往往放在谓语之后,用it 做形式主语。

非谓语动词包含四种形式,即不定式、动名词、现在分词和过去分词。具体形式如下: 1、不定式:to do(表示主动,并且一般表示将来) The teacher told us to do morning exercises . 老师让我们做早操。 2、动名词:doing (表示主动) Travelli

1. To see is to believe.

北方小伙的美食日记:天府之国的舌尖旅途有人说,爱上一座城,是从爱上那座城市的美食开始。有这样一座城市,不仅拥有悠久的历史,更有着中国四大菜系之一的美誉,它因熊猫闻名于世,却用美食征服了每一个过客游子。这也是座不夜城,夜晚醉人的霓虹灯在江边映衬出一幅色彩斑斓的水墨画。成都的夜太美让每一个爱上它的都陶醉。小吃·一可以说,成都完全是一座行走在舌尖上的城市,从来到成都的第一刻起,舌尖上的味蕾便脱离了控制。从太古里到春熙路,从锦里到宽窄巷子,从人民公园到天府广场,大大小小的旅游景点交织在一起,组成了一张诱人的美食地图。成都的小吃各具特点,并且数量众多,锅魁、兔头、凉粉、泡耙、担担面、叶儿粑、蛋烘糕、酸辣

2. It’s difficult (for us) to learn English.

金鱼可以几天不喂食?怎么养才长大?说实话,我只喜欢钓鱼,对于怎么养金鱼没什么经验,我家小金鱼都是老婆照顾的,不出去钓鱼的时间也帮忙喂喂鱼食。喂的鱼食,有时我看是煮熟的鸡蛋黄弄碎了放进鱼缸,要少放,不然放的太多鱼吃不完,时间长了会把鱼缸里的水弄坏掉,金鱼会死的,对于喂食的时间,三天一次为好,大点的金鱼,二天一次也可以了,换水时间,小金鱼一星期换一次水为好,大金鱼也就十天一次吧,反正看到水不好就换对于金鱼多长时大,这个耍看是哪种金鱼了,有的长的很快的,有的本来就是小金鱼品种时间再长也不会长大的,家庭养的是为了观赏,又不是为吃,长的太快太大也不好,有一种观赏鱼长的很快,金鲤,那鱼大,长得也快,谢谢你

3. It’s foolish of her to believe him.= She is foolish to believe him.

谢邀。近十年的“最佳第六人”分别是——埃里克·戈登、贾马尔·克劳福德(3次)、路·威廉姆斯、JR.史密斯、詹姆斯·哈登、拉马尔·奥多姆、贾森·特里、马努·吉诺比利。除奥多姆外,清一色的后卫球员,这也表明了这个位置的属性。回看八九十年代,还能发现诸如麦克海尔、比尔·沃顿、克利福德·罗宾逊、丹尼·曼宁等内线球员的身影,而上一个获此殊荣的内线球员,则是2003-04赛季的安托万·贾米森。与上世纪比赛不同,得内线者得天下已并非那么绝对,随着比赛节奏的变快,球员身体素质的提升,教练们经常将球队的第六人作为一个变速器来使用。第六人们的任务很简单,带领第二梯队打出进攻表现,因此他们往往需要较多的球权以及可观

二 作表语

1. His aim is to win the first prize.

谢谢悟空邀请我回答:题目:中国移动通信免了漫游费,是不是全球通的套餐还是按原来的收费吗……答:从2017年9月1日起中国移动、中国联通、中国电信将全面取消手机用户国内长途费和漫游费(不含港澳台地区)。本人是参加中国移动全球通每月58元套餐,在中国大陆(不含港澳台地区)拨打中国各省市地区电话每分钟为0、19元,接听全部免费。我是中国移动全球通58元每月套餐,办理地址在浙江省杭州市延安路移动公司营业厅〈杭州市最大的移动营业厅〉。有关办理全球通套餐手机费用每月58元从九月一日后资费咨询过:例如1:首先到移动公司营业厅开通国际长途加漫游功能,在中国大陆拨打香港前先加拨12593后,本手机杭州拨打香港电

2. All we can do is (to) wait.

One’s dream / aim / ambition / wish / The first step / What I want to do is to…

三 作宾语

1. He demanded to be told the truth.

2. He pretended to be doing his homework / to have fallen asleep when Mother came in.

(decide / fail / manage / refuse / pretend / choose / agree / hope/ plan / promise / make up

one’s mind + to do )

3. I don’t know what to do.

(decide / find out / know / learn / consider etc + 疑问词 + to do )

4. Anyone can become a better scholar if he wants to.

---Are you on holiday? ---No, but I’d like to be.

四 作宾补或主补

1. I’ll have him say something at the meeting.

have sb do = get sb to do

feel; hear / listen to; let / have / make; see / watch / look at / notice / observe sb do

但被动语态要+ to, let 例外

Listen to me read the text.

He is often listened to sing the song.

He was let go by the police.

2.He ordered his men to fire.

wish / advise / persuade / allow / permit / want / tell / ask / expect / order / require / request sb

高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

to do

suggest / hope / agree / demand / arrange sb to do

3. He is said to be doing the work of next year.

It’s said that he is doing the work of next year.

sb + seem / appear / happen / be said / be reported / be known /

be found / be believed + to do / to be doing / to have ( been) done

It + seem / appear / happen / be said … / be believe that….

六 作定语

1. I have a lot of work to do / no pen to write with.

2. the first to come / to be awarded the Nobel Prize

3. the last person to do such a thing 最不愿意做…的人

4. the house to be built next year

比较: the house being built now / build last year

注意(1)做定语的不定式如果是不及物动词,或者不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工具等,不定式后应有相应的介词。例如:He is looking for a room to live in.She has no knife to cut with.

但是,不定式修饰的名词如果是time 、place 或way ,不定式后面的介词习惯上要省去。例如:He has no money and no place to live.

注意(2)做定语的不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式或动作的承受者时,不定式可以用主动语态,也可以用被动语态,但含义有所不同。比较:

A)Have you anything to send?

你有东西要寄吗?(不定式to send 的动作执行者是you )

B)Have you anything to be sent?

你有什么(要我或别人)寄的东西吗?(to be sent 的动作执行者是被省略的me 或someone else )

七 作状语 (表示目的、原因、结果或条件)

目的 to / in order to / so as to

结果 enough to / too…to / so…as to / such…as to / only to

1. The bus stopped to pick up passengers. (目的)

2. He set out early in order to / so as to catch the first bus.

= In order to / To catch the first bus he set out early.

3. I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.(原因)

4. I hurried to school only to be told it was a holiday. (结果)

only to do sth 表示出于预料之外的结果

5. To look at him, you would like him.(条件)

不定式的否定形式

She kept silent about the accident so as not to lose his job.

不定式的完成和被动式

The book seems to have been translated into English.

案。

但是: The book is difficult to understand.

I have a letter to write / a lot of work to do.

He is to blame for the accident.

Ⅱ动名词具有名词的性质

主动被动

一般式doing being done

完成式having done having been done

一作主语

1. Seeing is believing. = To see is to believe.

2. It’s no use / no good / useless doing sth. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.

3. Being forced to leave the classroom made him feel embarrassed.

二作表语

1. My job is teaching English.

比较: One’s dream / aim / ambition / The first step is to do sth.

动名词作表语, 可与主语交换位置, 句子成立; 现在分词则不能。

三作宾语(动宾/ 介宾/ it 作形式宾语)

1. I appreciate hearing from you again.

2. He doesn’t feel like eating anything.

四作定语

1. a writing desk

2. a swimming pool 动名词作定语表示被修饰名词的用途

比较: a sleeping boy = a boy who is sleeping 现在分词作定语表示被修饰名词的动作

Ⅲ现在分词和过去分词具有形容词和副词的性质

一作表语

The news is exciting. We are excited.

二作宾补或主补

感官动词和实意动词see / hear / watch / look at / notice / feel

Make/have/leave/get

四作定语

1.falling leaves / fallen leaves

2.a friend living in London

3.the book written by Lu Xun 五作状语

1. Be careful while crossing the street.

Having been shown the lab, they were taken to see the library.

Hearing the news, they jumped with joy. (时间)

2. Being repaired, the swimming pool doesn’t open today.

Not having received her letter, she wrote another.

Encouraged by his teacher, he decided to follow a music career. (原因)

3. Given enough time, we could do it much better.

Turning left, you will find the shop. (条件)

4. They stood there waiting for a bus.

The old man went out of the hospital, supported by his son.

We walked as fast as we could, hoping to catch the first bus.(伴随)

5. The new machine works twice as fast, thus greatly reducing cost.

His parents died, leaving him an orphan.分词表示自然的结果;不定式则表示预料之外的结果6. Though / Even if invited, he will not come (让步)

※独立主格结构

分词作状语时, 其逻辑主语必须与句子的主语一致, 否则必须有自己独立的逻辑主语Seen from the top of the building, the city looked very charming.

Time permitting, we’ll have a discussion.

独立主格结构由名词/代词+分词/形容词/副词等构成,在句中作原因、条件、时间和伴随状语

1. There being no bus, we had to walk home.

2. Weather permitting, we will have a picnic.

with 结构

1. with + n + doing

with so many patients waiting outside a boy

2. with + n + done

with his eyes fixed on the blackboard

3. with + n + to do

with so much work to do

非谓语动词专项练习

1. ___ anything about the accident, he went to work as usual.

A . Don’t know B. not to know C. not knowing D. not to be knowing

2. the next morning she found the man __in bed, dead.

A. lying

B. lie

C. lay

D. laying

3. he had his leg __in the match yesterday.

A .to break B. broken C. break D. breaking

4. most of the people __ to the party were famous scientists.

A. invited

B. to invite

C. being invited

D. inviting

5. Do you know the boy ___under the tree?

A. lay

B. lain

C. laying

D. lying

6. ---Good morning. Can I help you?

I‘d like to have this package ___

A. be weighed

B. to be weighed

C. to weigh

D. weighed

8._____more attention, the trees could have grown better.

A. given

B. to give

C. giving

D. having given

9. the murderer was brought in, with his hand ___behind his back..

A. being tied

B. having tied

C. to be tied

D. tied

10. the secretary worked late into the night ,___a long speech for the president.

A. to prepare

B. preparing

C. prepared

D. was preparing

11. she’s upstairs ____ a letter.

A. writes

B. is writing

C. write

D. writing

12. it was so cold that they kept the fire ___all night.

A. to burn

B. burn

C. burning

D. burned

13.the speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself ___

A. hear

B. to hear

C. hearing

D. heard

14. _______ a reply, he decided to write again.

A. not receiving

B. receiving not

C. not having received

D. having not received

15.the salesman scolded the girl caught ___ and let her off.

A. to have stolen

B. to be stealing

C. to steal

D. stealing

16. “can’t you read ?” she said ____to the notice.

A. angrily pointing

B. and point angrily

C. angrily pointed

D. and angrily pointing

17.the missing boys were seen ____near the river.

A. playing

B. to be playing

C. play

D.to play

18._______to top of the hill, and you can see the whole of the town.

A. Get

B. To get

C. Getting

D. Having got CA B A D DAADBDCDCD A AA

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非谓语动词有哪几种形式

非谓语动词的基本形式

动词不定式:(to)+ do,具有名词、形容词、副词的特征.

否定式:not + (to) do

动名词:

动名词既具有动词的一些特征,又具有名词的句法功能.

一般式(谓语动词同时发生) doing being done

完成式(谓语动词发生之前) having done having been done

动名词的形式:Ving

否定式:not + 动名词

现在分词:

现在分词既具有动词的一些特征,又具有形容词和副词的句法功能.

现在分词的形式:

否定式:not + 现在分词

过去分词

过去分词只有一种形式:规则动词由动词原形加词尾-ed构成.不规则动词的过去分词没有统一的规则要求,要一一记住.

非谓语动词做定语有几种形式?

简单点讲,今天上课我刚讲过,我是这样讲的,各记俩个词:不定式to do:将来 被动(不定式主动代替被动,表示即将要做的事) eg.With the work to do,I don't know if I have the time to have a picnic tomorrow. 现在分词doing:正在 主动(表示动作正在进行,主动语态) eg.Don't leave the water running when you wash your face. 过去分词done:完成 被动(表示动作已经完成结束,被动语态) eg.With the work done,I went out.

非谓语动词的主动形式是什么

1 (主动或不及物) having done,doing和to be doing的对应形式是(被动)having been done,being done和to be being done

2 done的对应形式绝对不是doing:

Done well / Well done,the work pleases the boss a lot .-------- 强调“被动”的概念.

Doing his work busily,the workman can't go out for lunch.--------强调“主动”的概念,表达“正在- -- ”

Sleeping soundly in his room,he didn't hear or see what was happening outside --------强调“正在- -- ”,属于不及物.

Being repaired at the moment,my car isn't available for use.--------强调“正在被- - - ”,属于及物.

【附】

1doing表示现在正在发生,及对应现在发生的被动——being done

Doing his work, he isn't able to come out for you.

Being done now, the design is not yet ready.

2 :to be done这种被动形式是不是表示将要发生的被动?那它对应的主动形式又是什么呢---------

A 往往出现在复合谓语里面:

His work seems to be well done ------- He seems to do his work well.

B 表将来,做定语:

The work to be done tomorrow is important and has to be done carefully.

The man to do the work next week is from the government

3 done与having been done都表示已经完成的被动,那二者又有什么区别呢?

Built 40 years ago, this bridge needs rebuilding == This bridge, built 40 years ago, needs rebuilding --------done的形式在我看来,是定语前置/定语前移。

Hving been built for 40 years, this bridge still looks good and modern. -------- having been done的形式是做状语结构。

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