2019-2020学年高中英语北师大版必修1文档:Unit 1 Section Lesson 4 Word版含答案

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Section_ⅤLesson_4

[原文呈现]

Debbieisanaccountant①inalargecompanyinthecentreofLondon.

I need to be in my office by② nine o’clock so I usually get up at seven o’clock. I travel to work on “the tube③”. That’s what people call the underground in London④. It takes about fifty minutes.⑤ Usually, it’s so crowded⑥ that I can’t find anywhere to sit⑦.I just stand. I’m always tired⑧ before I arrive at work. I don’t like the underground!

I spend all morning checking numbers.⑨ Lunch is always simple. I often get a sandwich in a nearby⑩ sandwich shop or I just have some biscuits and a cup of coffee. Then in the afternoon, I return? to the paperwork in the office.

[读文清障]

①accountant/?'ka?nt?nt/n.会计,会计师

②by prep.到……为止

③tubeju?b/n.(英)地铁

④what引导表语从句,并在从句中作call的宾语。

⑤It takes ... (to do sth.)(做某事)花费……

⑥crowded/'kra?dId/adj.拥挤的

⑦so ... that ...句式,表示“如此……以至于……”。

⑧be tired感到劳累

be tired out非常疲倦(=very tired)

be tired with sth.因某事而劳累

be tired of doing sth. 厌倦做某事

⑨Sb. spend(s) time (in) doing sth.某人花费时间做某事。

⑩nearby/'nI?baI/adj.附近的adv.在附近

放在被修饰词的前面或后面都可以。

?return v.返回

return=go back,不能说return back。

[第1~3段译文]

黛比是伦敦市中心一家大型公司的会计。

我需要在9点钟前赶到办公室,所以我通常7点钟起床。我乘地铁上班。那就是人们所说的伦敦地铁。乘地铁大约需要50分钟。通常地铁很拥挤,以至于我很难找到座位。我只好站着。在到办公室之前,我总是感到很疲倦。我不喜欢乘地铁!

每天上午我要计算数字,核对账目。午饭总是很简单,我常在附近的三明治店买个三明治,或只吃些饼干,喝杯咖啡。然后下午我返回办公室处理文字资料。

On Monday nights, I have dance classes, and on Wednesday nights, I go to the gym. I need? to do that because I don’t get enough? exercise otherwise?. On Tuesday and Thursday nights, I have French classes. I work for a French company so I think studying French will help me in my job.?

I go to the cinema almost every weekend. Sometimes?, if the weather forecast? is good?,my friends and I drive to the countryside? for a weekend break. We like to visit nice, quiet places far away from? the city and go walking where there are no shops, crowds or the tube.That fresh air is so good for my lungs. I love it.

?need在此是实义动词,意为“需要”,后接名词、代词或动词不定式。

?enough adj.&adv.足够(的)

enough修饰形容词、副词时需后置。

?otherwise/'?e?waIz/adv.否则;另外

?so连接两个并列分句,表因果关系。在第二个分句中,含有省略that的宾语从句;而动名词短语studying French在宾语从句中作主语。

?sometimes adv.有时(=at times)

?forecast/'f??kɑ?st/n.&v.预报;预测

forecast的过去式、过去分词都为forecast或forecasted。

?if引导条件状语从句。

?drive to the countryside 开车去乡下

?far away from ... 远离…… far from 远非

crowd/kra?d/n.人群 a crowd of 一群

where引导地点状语从句。lung/l??/n.肺

[第4~5段译文]

星期一晚上我上舞蹈课,而星期三晚上我去健身房。我需要运动,因为如果我不运动的话,我的运动量不够。星期二和星期四晚上我上法语课。我在为一家法国公司工作,所以我认为学法语对我的工作有益。

几乎每个周末我都去看电影。有时,如果预报天气好的话,我会和朋友们开车去乡下度周末。我们喜欢去那些远离城市、风光秀丽、幽静的地方,喜欢在没有商店、人群、地铁的地方漫步。那里的新鲜空气对肺部有好处,我喜欢新鲜的空气。

PaullivesinasmallvillageinthenorthofEngland.

I usually get up at four o’clock every morning when it’s still dark. I live and work on the farm so I don’t need to travel. After a big breakfast in my house, I walk out of the front door and I’m already at work.

There are many things to do on the farm all day. We don’t have the same work hours that office workers in the city have. We do jobswhen they need to be done andthat could be early in the morning or late at night. I have cows, sheep, pigs and chickens on my farm. I have to make sure they are free ofsickness. I also grow wheat and vegetables so there are many things to look after.

in the north of 在……北部

表方位时,in表示在范围之内,on表示接壤,to表示在范围之外。

on the farm 在农场 at work 在工作;在运转

that引导定语从句,修饰work hours。

the same修饰定语从句的先行词时,若强调同一事物,引导词用that;若强调同类事

物,引导词用as,译为“像……一样”。

when引导时间状语从句。

need to be done 需要被做(=need doing)

that指代前面所提到的情况。

late at night 半夜(=at late night)

make sure 确定,确保

be free of ... 免于……;免除……

sickness/'sIknIs/n.疾病

动词不定式短语作定语,修饰things。

[第6~8段译文]

保罗住在英格兰北部的一个小村庄。

我通常凌晨4点天还黑着的时候就起床。我在农场生活、工作,不用乘车上下班。在家里饱餐一顿早饭之后,我走出前门,开始一天的工作。

在农场整天都有很多事要做。我们的工作时间和在城市办公室工作的人们不同,我们的工作时间依需要而定,可能在一大早,也可能是在半夜。我的农场里有牛、羊、猪、鸡,我必须确保它们不生病。我也种麦子和蔬菜,所以我有很多事情需要料理。

In the evening, I like to play with my children. I have two children, a boy and a girl. They are six and eight years old. I also like to study. Right now I am studying Chinese by distancelearning. I am very interested in China and it’s my dream to see the Great Wall one day.

I love movies. My wife calls me a “movie fan”. But there isn’t a cinema in my village so I don’t get the chance to go very often. I go about twice a year, usually when I go to London with my family. We take a weekend break there when I am not too busy on the farm. My wife loves looking in the clothes shops and I like all the crowds and the noise. I also like to buy a few cigars. Unfortunately, my wife isn’t as fond of them as I am. My son and daughter love to ride on London’s red buses and they especially love to go on the tube!

play with ... 和……玩耍

right now 此刻,现在;立即,马上(=right away)

distance learning远程学习 distance/'dIst?ns/n.距离

be interested in 对……感兴趣

it作形式主语,to see ...是句子的真正主语。

movie fan 影迷

chance n.机会;运气 by chance 偶然

动词不定式短语作定语,修饰the chance。

when引导时间状语从句。

take a break 休息一下(=take a rest)

love doing 喜欢做

cigar/sI'ɡɑ?/n.雪茄烟

unfortunately adv.遗憾地;不幸的是

Unfortunately=It is unfortunate that ...

not as/so ... as 不如……

第一个as是副词,表示“同样地”,第二个as引导比较状语从句。

especially adv.特别;尤其(=in particular/particularly)

especially侧重达到的异常程度。

specially强调专门的用途和目的。

[第9~10段译文]

晚上我喜欢和孩子们一块儿玩。我有两个孩子,一男一女,一个6岁,一个8岁。我也喜欢学习。目前我正在通过远程教育学习汉语。我对中国很感兴趣。我一直梦想着有一天能亲眼看看长城。

我喜欢电影。妻子称我为影迷。但是我们村没有电影院,所以我没有机会经常去看电影。我一年大约看两次电影,通常是在和家人去伦敦的时候。只要农场活不太多,我们会抓住机会度周末。我妻子喜欢逛服装店,我喜欢看看人群、听听城市的嘈杂声。我还喜欢买几支雪茄烟。遗憾的是,我妻子不像我那样喜欢它们。我的儿子和女儿喜欢乘坐伦敦的红色公共汽车游览观光,而且他们特别喜欢乘地铁!

Fast-reading

Scan the text and finish the following question.

What is the main idea of the text?

The text is mainly about the_two_lifestyles_in_city_and_country.

Careful-reading

1.Read the text carefully and choose the best answer.

(1)How long is it from Debbie’s home to her company?

A.Fifty minutes’ walk.

B.Fifty minutes by underground.

C.Fifty minutes by bus.

D.Fifty minutes by bike.

(2)Why doesn’t Debbie like to go to work on “the tube”?

A.It’s always too crowded.

B.She is sometimes late if she goes to work on “the tube”.

C.The underground is not fast enough.

D.She can’t catch “the tube” sometimes.

(3)Debbie works for a French company so she ________.

A.has dance classes on Monday nights

B.goes to the gym on Wednesday nights

C.has French classes on Tuesday and Thursday nights

D.goes to the cinema almost every week

(4)When Paul’s family take a weekend in London, ________.

A.the children love looking in the clothes shops

B.the husband will go to movies

C.the wife likes to buy cigars

D.they love to ride on red buses or the tube

(5)From the second passage we know Paul is _________ his life.

A.unsatisfied with       B.getting bored of

C.disappointed with D.satisfied with

答案:(1)~(5) BACBD

2.Fill in the chart with the information in the text.

Name

Debbie

Paul

Basics

She’s an ①________ in a large firm in London.

He lives in a small ②________ in the Northern England.

Wake-up time

③ ________ o’clock

④________ o’clock

Transportation

(交通工具)

She travels to work on the ⑤________.

He lives and works on the ⑥______________.

Working hours

8 hours

all day

Evening

activities

⑦________ classes, go to the gym, French classes

play with his ⑧__________, study by distance learning

Special

activities

She goes to the ⑨______ almost every weekend. Sometimes she drives to the country and goes walking with her friends.

He loves ⑩____. He goes about twice a year, usually when he goes to London with his family.

答案:①accountant ②village ③seven ④four ⑤underground ⑥farm ⑦dance ⑧children ⑨cinema ⑩movies

一、这样记单词

记得准·写得对

记得快·记得多

Ⅰ.基础词汇

1.nearbyadj.   附近的

adv. 在附近

2.otherwiseadv. 否则,另外

3.forecastn. 预测;预报

4.lungn. 肺

5.cigarn. 雪茄烟

6.chancen. 机会,可能(性)

Ⅱ.拓展词汇

1.accountantn.会计,会计师→account n.账户;账目

2.crowdedadj.拥挤的→crowdv.拥挤n.人群,一伙人

3.sicknessn.疾病→sick adj.生病的

4.distancen.距离→distant adj.遥远的

5.imaginevt.想象,猜想→imagination n.想象力

1. forecast vt.预报;预告n.预测;预报

[记法] fore-前缀表示“在……之前”

[词块] the weather forecast 天气预报

2.sickness n.疾病

[记法] adj.+后缀-ness(性质,状态)→名词

[联想] 盘点后缀-ness名词

①ill 生病的→illness 疾病

②dark 黑暗的→darkness 黑暗

③kind 慈善的,宽容的,善良的→kindness 好意

3.crowded adj.拥挤的

[记法] v.+后缀(e)d(有/具……的特征)→形容词

[联想] 构成后缀-(e)d形容词集锦

①frighten v.使惊吓→frightened 惊吓的

②excite v.使兴奋→excited adj.兴奋的,激动的

③delight v.使高兴→delighted adj.高兴的

二、这样记短语

记牢固定短语

多积常用词块

1.far away from     远离

2.make sure确保;保证

3.be at work 在工作

4.be free of免除;摆脱

5.be interested in对……感兴趣

6.be fond of喜欢

7.play with与……一块儿玩

8.be good for对……有好处

1.have French classes   上法语课

2.late at night 深夜

3.get the chance 得到机会

4.take a weekend break 周末休息

5.get enough exercise 得到足够的锻炼

6.go to the cinema 去看电影

7.go walking 去散步

8.distance learning 远程学习

三、这样记句式

先背熟

再悟通

后仿用

1.That’s what people call the underground in London.

那就是人们所说的伦敦地铁。

what引导表语从句,且在从句中作call的宾语。

Visiting Beijing is what_I_want_to_do_most this summer holiday.

这个暑假我最想做的事是参观北京。

2.Usually, it’s so crowded that I can’t find anywhere to sit.

通常地铁很拥挤,以至于我很难找到座位。

so ... that“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句。

The film is so_moving_that I want to see it again.

这部电影太感人了,我还想再看一遍。

3.We don’t have the same work hours that office workers in the city have.

我们的工作时间和在城市办公室工作的人们不同。

the same ... that ...结构中,that为关系代词,引导定语从句。

He works in the_same_company_that I do.

他和我在同一家公司工作。

4.Unfortunately, my wife isn’tasfond of them as I am.

遗憾的是,我妻子不像我那样喜欢它们。

as ... as ...意为“像/和……一样”,表同级比较。

I haven’t known him as_long_as_you.

我认识他的时间没有你长。

1.(教材P14)Usually, it’s so crowded that I can’t find anywhere to sit.

通常地铁很拥挤,以至于我很难找到座位。

crowded adj.拥挤的;挤满的;装满的

(1)be crowded with       挤满

(2)crowd n.&v. 人群;拥挤,聚集

crowd in 大批涌入

crowd into ... 大批涌入……

a crowd of/crowds of 一群

the crowd 群众,民众

①On the National Day, the streets were crowded with a large number of people.

国庆节这天,大街上人头攒动。

②As soon as the gate was opened, the people around crowded into the supermarket.

超市大门一开,四周的人都蜂拥而入。

③There were a_large_crowd_of people in the hall.

大厅里有一大群人。

[语境串记] The crowd crowded into the stadium which was crowded with audience.

人们挤进体育馆里,里面挤满了观众。

2.(教材P14)I often get a sandwich in a nearby sandwich shop or I just have some biscuits and a cup of coffee.

我常在附近的三明治店买个三明治,或只吃些饼干,喝杯咖啡。

nearby

(1)adj.附近的,不远的

①Can you tell me the way to a nearby church?

你能告诉我去附近的教堂的路吗?

②Can you introduce another hotel nearby?

你能介绍一下附近的另外一家旅馆吗?

[名师点津] nearby用作形容词时,既可以作前置定语又可以作后置定语。

(2)adv.在附近

③The plane landed_nearby because of the emergency.

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