山东省泰安市宁阳一中2018-2019学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题附答案

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宁阳一中2017级高二下学期期中考试

英 语 试 题 2019.05

卷I (95分)

第一部分:听力(30分)

第一节:听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What food does the woman suggest?

A. Sandwiches. B. Salads. C. Noodles.

2. What will the man do first with the woman’s car?

A. Fill up the tank(油箱).

B. Wash the windows.

C. Check the tire pressure.(胎压)

3. What is the man doing right now?

A. Walking around. B. Watching TV. C. Eating snacks.

4. Where is the conversation probably taking place?

A. In an office. B. In a hospital. C. In a restaurant.

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. Different colors. B. A picture. C. Some flowers.

第二节

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Who might the woman be?

A. A doctor. B. An assistant. C. A professor.

7. When will the man go to see the doctor?

A. On Wednesday. B. On Thursday. C. On Friday.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. What will the man do tomorrow?

A. Rest at home. B. Go shopping. C. Work.

9. What will the man buy?

A. A hat. B. A necklace. C. A coat.

10. What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Colleagues. B. Mother and son. C. Husband and wife.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. What are the speakers doing?

A. Doing a test. B. Having an interview. C. Playing a puzzle game.

12. What is Jennifer bad at?

A. Focusing. B. Dealing with stress. C. Getting on with others.

13. How does Jennifer feel about the result?

A. Surprised. B. Disappointed. C. Worried.

听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。

14. Why will the man miss the school dance?

A. He won’t be in school.

B. He doesn’t like dancing.

C. He’s busy with other events.

15. When is the senior picnic?

A. In a week. B. In a month. C. In two months.

16. Which event is in June?

A. The photo day.

B. The graduation party.

C. The awards ceremony.

17. Where will the woman be this summer?

A. In Boston.

B. In New York City.

C. In Washington, D.C.

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18. What will the weather be like today in the southeast of the country?

A. Rainy. B. Cloudy. C. Dry.

19. What will the highest temperature be in the north?

A. 15 degrees centigrade.

B. 20 degrees centigrade.

C. 23 degrees centigrade.

20. Which part of the country will likely be sunny tomorrow?

A. North. B. Southeast. C. South.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共16个小题;每小题2.5分,满分40分)

A

Suppose you’re in a rush, feeling tired, not paying attention to your screen, and you send an email that could get you in trouble.

Realization will probably set in seconds after you’ve clicked “send”. You freeze in horror(惊骇) and burn with shame.

What to do? Here are four common email accidents, and how to recover.

Clicking “send” too soon

Don’t waste your time trying to find out if the receiver has read it yet. Write another email as swiftly as you can and send it with a brief title explaining that this is the correct version(版本) and the previous version should be ignored.

Writing the wrong name

The sooner you notice, the better. Respond quickly and briefly, apologizing for your mistake. Keep the tone measured(慎重的): don’ t handle it too lightly, as people can be offended(冒犯), especially if your error suggests a misunderstanding of their culture (i.e. incorrect ordering of Chinese names).

Clicking “reply all” unintentionally(非故意地)

You accidentally reveal(透露) to the entire company what menu choices you would prefer at the staff Christmas dinner, or what holiday you’ d like to take. In this case, the best solution is to send a quick, light-hearted apology to explain your awkwardness. But it can quickly rise to something worse, when everyone starts hitting “reply all” to join in a long and unpleasant conversation. In this case, step away from your keyboard to allow everyone to calm down.

Sending an offensive message to its subject

The most awkward email mistake is usually made in anger. You write an unkind message about someone, intending to send it to a friend, but accidentally send it to the person you’re discussing. In that case, ask to speak personally as soon as possible and say sorry. Explain your mistakes calmly and sensibly—see it as an opportunity to clear up any difficulties you may have with this person.

21. After realizing an email accident, you are likely to feel _______.

A. tired B. cautious C. funny D. awful

22. If you have written the wrong name in an email, it is best to ________.

A. tell the receiver to ignore the error B. apologize in a serious manner

C. send a short notice to everyone D. learn to write the name correctly

23. What should you do when an unpleasant conversation is started by your “reply all” email?

A. Avoid further involvement. B. Try offering other choices.

C. Make a light-hearted apology. D. Meet other staff members.

24. How should you deal with the problem caused by an offensive email?

A. By asking the receiver to control his anger.

B. By promising not to offend the receiver again.

C. By talking to the receiver face to face.

D. By seeking support from the receiver’s friends.

B

In terms of maths, I was second to none at school. My teachers recommended that I study economics and statistics as my A-level subjects, but I had my mind set on a life fulfilled by the arts.

? In fact, I was a victim of a?gender stereotype that men do science and maths and women do arts or languages. Computer science, technology and physics just did not appear in my teenage world view. Nobody popular in my school chose to study those subjects.

Reality struck hard when I began attending job interviews and interviewers would say: “It's great that you speak foreign languages, but what else do you do?” Nobody asked my friends who had studied science or technology those questions.

A survey recently showed that three of the best-paid jobs for women are in the technology sector(领域). It's a sector that really can change the world. We must show girls that technology has an effect on every industry out there, from fashion to architecture to journalism. Anybody can learn to code programs and these days it's as important as reading and writing. I've realized that at university I'd achieved the wrong kind of literacy. Not being able to code programs limits your influence on the world far more than ignorance of great literature.

??? Now I have a five-year-old daughter. I don't want her to blindly follow gender roles the way I did. I want her to know the fact that a science or technical degree will not limit her creativity but expand it and broaden her horizons far more than my arts background could. I'm exposing her to Minecraft and apps, which help improve analytical thinking and problem solving skills. I'm hoping that my daughter will discover and accept her potentials for science and want to change the world.

25.What does the underlined phrase “gender stereotype” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. Personal learning style. B. Traditional sex concept.

C. Sex characteristics D. Profession difference.

26. According to the author, which may be the benefit of learning science?

A. Enriching imagination. B. Winning popularity.

C. Improving language competence. D. Increasing job possibilities.

27. How did the author feel for her major choice?

A. Approving. B. Ambitious C. Regretful. D. Discouraged.

28. What may be the best title for the text?

A. Girls, Choose More Wisely B. Good Subjects, Good Future

C. Art or Science, Either is OK D. Catch Chances, Change the World

C

Researchers in the psychology(心理学) department at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) have discovered a major difference in the way men and women respond to stress. This difference may explain why men are more likely to suffer from stress-related disorders(混乱).

Until now, psychological research has maintained that both men and women have the same \(言语的) or physical conflict (\(养育) their young (\

Scientists have long known that in the fight-or- flight reaction to stress, an important role is played by certain hormones(激素) released by the body. The UCLA research team suggests that the female tend-or-befriend response is also based on a hormone. This hormone, called oxytocin(催产素), has been studied in the context of childbirth, but now it is being studied for its role in the response of both men and women to stress. The principal investigator(研究者), Dr. Shelley E. Taylor, explained that \分泌)oxytocin, its effects are reduced by male hormones.

In terms of everyday behavior, the UCLA study found that women are far more likely than men to seek social contact when they are feeling stressed. They may phone relatives or friends, or ask directions if they are lost.

The study also showed how fathers and mothers responded differently when they came home to their family after a stressful day at work. The typical father wanted to be left alone to enjoy some peace and quiet. For a typical mother, dealing with a bad day at work meant focusing her attention on her children and their needs.

The differences in responding to stress may explain the fact that women have lower frequency of stress-related disorders such as high blood pressure or aggressive behavior. The tend-and-befriend regulatory(调节的) system may protect women against stress, and this may explain why women on average live longer than men.

29. The UCLA study shows that in response to stress, men are more likely than women to _____ .

A. turn to friends for help B. find an escape from reality

C. solve a conflict calmly D. seek comfort from children

30. Which of the following is true about oxytocin according to the passage?

A. Men have the same level of oxytocin as women do.

B. Oxytocin used to be studied in both men and women.

C. Oxytocin has more of an effect on women than on men.

D. Both animals and people have high levels of oxytocin.

31. What can be learned from the passage?

A. Male hormones help build up the body's resistance to stress.

B. In a family a mother cares more about children than a father does.

C. The UCLA study was designed to confirm previous research findings.

D. Biological differences lead to different behavioral responses to stress.

32. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?

A. How men and women suffer from stress

B. How men and women get over stress

C. How researchers overcome stress problems

D. How researchers handle stress-related disorders

D

Runners who encounter(遇到) visual and auditory(听觉的) distractions (干扰)may be more likely to suffer leg injuries, according to research by the Association of Academic Physiatrists in Las Vegas. Runners often seek distractions from the task at hand. Whether it is music, texting, daydreaming, taking in the sights, or propping a book up on the treadmill(跑步机), more often than not a distraction is welcome. But, researchers from the University of Florida have recently discovered those distractions may lead to injury.

?Daniel Herman, MD, assistant professor at University of Florida, and his team conducted research on the effects of visual and auditory distractions on 14 runners to determine what effect these distractions would have on things such as heart rate, how many times a runner breathes per minute and how much oxygen is consumed(消耗,消耗) by the body.

? ?The runners were all injury-free at the time of the study and ran 31 miles each week. Dr. Herman's team had each participant run on a treadmill three separate times. The first time was without any distractions. The second time added a visual distraction, during which the runners concentrated on a screen displaying different letters in different colors with the runner having to note when a specific letter-color combination appeared. The third time added an auditory distraction similar to the visual distraction, with the runner having to note when a certain word was spoken by a certain voice.

? ?? When compared to running without distractions, the participants applied force faster to their left and right legs called loading rate, with auditory and visual distractions. They also experienced an increased amount of force from the ground on both legs, called ground reaction force, with auditory distractions. Finally, the runners tended to breathe heavier and have higher heart rates with visual and auditory distractions than without any distractions at all.

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